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Yet could the mere killing of the king who controlled this entire region be seen as a victory that would earn its way onto the pages of Judges?Certainly the Israelites’ fight was not a personal vendetta against the king himself, as a man, but rather against the city of Hazor and its influence in northern Canaan.
Even if all of this evidence fails to be persuasive, the text of Joshua 12 should tip the scales for any objective reader.
The biblical text requires that the former is true, while archaeology requires that the latter is true.
The matter that will be discussed here, however, is whether these destructions are distinct or one and the same.
On the side of the latter view, biblical archaeologists such as James Hoffmeier contend that a 13th century BC Exodus better fits the material evidence, in large part due to alleged connections between sites mentioned in the biblical text—such as the store-city of Raamses (Exod ), which he asserts “is likely to be equated with the Delta capital built by and named for Ramesses II, that is, Pi-Ramesses”—and excavated or identifiable sites in Egypt.
Continue reading On the side of the former view, biblical archaeologists such as Bryant Wood argue that the Exodus must have occurred in the middle of the 15th century BC, since the ordinal number “480th” in 1 Kgs 6:1 only can be understood literally (contra allegorically, as late-Exodus proponents suggest).